Scientists have developed a new method to examine the mineral called olivine found on Mars and the Moon. Thus, the structure of these celestial bodies can be revealed in more detail.
Scientists, olivine He developed a new method in order to examine the mineral named as remotely. Thanks to this method, you can learn more about the early formation processes of the Moon, Mars and other planets and to understand better it’s going to be possible.
The lead author of the study Christopher Kremer of Brown Universitysaid olivine is one of the major components in the inner layers of rocky planets. Kremer, “The main component of the Earth’s crust “ as olivine explained as On the Moon and Mars surface He said it originated in craters formed by volcanic fallout or impact by other objects.
Chemical structure investigation will reveal the secrets
Current long distance identification systemsAlthough successful in detecting olivine in the sources, it is not sufficient. Kremer and his team go beyond just detecting this source and seek to reveal their chemical structures. Basically all olivine from silicon and oxygen some may be rich in iron and some in magnesium.
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Kremer, “Its chemical structure gives us information about the environment in which the minerals formed, especially temperature in terms of” says. According to the researcher, in compounds formed at higher temperatures magnesium, for compounds formed at lower temperatures iron seen more. Being able to observe these elements will give us information about the internal structure and evolution of celestial bodies.
The secret is the right wavelength
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According to the research team to different chemical structures It is possible to separate the olivine from each other from a distance. One of the methods the team uses is a method called spectroscopy. In this method in different wavelengths Radio and light waves are sent to observe the elements that react differently or reflect light differently, and then the deviations and changes are observed.
At the beginning of the research KremerIn his statement, he said that near infrared spketrometers or mid-range spectrometers have been used so far, but he and his team have unexamined He said he focused on the small area. Thus, it was possible to observe more accurately.