Waste water of Istanbul was analyzed by a study conducted under the leadership of the Ministry of Interior. Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis were the most detected substances in the examination of 14 Waste Water Treatment Plants for drug use in 2019.
A study was carried out in Istanbul under the leadership of the Ministry of Interior. Within the scope of this study, From 14 Waste Water Treatment Plants The samples were analyzed in detail. for drug use The results of the research were published in an article prepared.
In the study in 2019 in 3-month periods In the examinations carried out, the consumption of illegal drugs such as amphetamine (AMP), methamphetamine (METH), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), cannabis, cocaine, heroin, tobacco and alcohol were examined.
The study revealed the consumption rates of all illegal substances:
In total, the investigations carried out 392 composite samples were collected and analyzed proportionally over time. Accordingly, it was determined that the daily consumption of methamphetamine was 120 mg per 1000 people during the periods when methamphetamine consumption was highest in Istanbul. The same rate for methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) was determined as 158.5 mg per 1000 people per day. across the city average cocaine consumption and it was announced as 200.9 mg per thousand people per day.
At the same time, it was determined that there were seasonal and regional differences in the consumption of drugs. Cocaine in 4 periods of 3 months a balanced ratio For amphetamine (AMP)-type stimulants, the average dose of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) was 0.7 daily dose per thousand in the first three periods, while the consumed dose has more than doubled in the last period (December) detected.
The most commonly used substances are alcohol, tobacco and cannabis:
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In the research, the most common illegal drug substance found in the samples taken from Istanbul’s waste facilities was cannabis. The average consumption amount of cannabis is estimated 26.73 average doses per thousand doses per day was detected. After cannabis, the two most common substances in the samples taken were alcohol and tobacco. While there was no significant change in tobacco consumption rates, alcohol consumption It decreased significantly in September and December in 2019. detected. The reason for this is thought to be the ‘special consumption tax’ on products containing alcohol after June 2019.