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E-mobility: EU Commission wants massive expansion of the charging infrastructure

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The EU Commission wants to oblige the member states to have a fast charging station for electric vehicles ready at least every 60 kilometers along the most important European expressways by the end of 2025. This provides for a draft regulation on the infrastructure for alternative fuels, report the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ) and the news agency Bloomberg consistent. The initiative is therefore part of the extensive climate protection package “Fit for 55”, which the Brussels government institution intends to present on Wednesday.

The target should be five years later according to the FAZ also apply to the extended expressway network of the EU, then also include all German motorways and the important federal highways. The local plans are already going further: the Bundestag passed a fast charging law in May, according to which a fast charging station with over 150 kilowatts should be accessible in long-distance traffic at least every 15 to 30 kilometers. With the initiative, the legislator wants to promote a comprehensive and needs-based fast charging infrastructure for purely battery-powered electric cars.

For heavy goods traffic, the EU countries should ensure that a hydrogen filling station is available every 150 kilometers. The operation of the charging points for alternative fuels must be user-friendly, the prices transparent and smooth payment possible. A preliminary decision for electromobility is not officially planned. With the specifications for the charging stations for e-cars and the tailoring of the targets for hydrogen to heavy haulage, the direction is in fact clearly indicated.

With the package of measures, the Commission wants to bring the Green Deal to life and show ways in which the EU can reduce CO2 emissions by 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels in line with the more stringent climate targets. According to Bloomberg sees a draft reform of the regulation on emission standards for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles in this context, that the new vehicles recorded in 2035 do not have CO2 be allowed to emit more. This would de facto seal the end of the internal combustion engine by then.

The FAZ is more cautious here and points out that the Vice Commission President responsible for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, wants to set the final mark in 2035. Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton, on the other hand, is aiming for 2040 at the earliest. In any case, one thing is clear: The CO2-Performance standards will probably be set in such a way that the vehicle classes recorded must become emission-free within the next 15 to 20 years.

An earlier draft for the new Euro 7 emissions standard already drew sharp criticism from the automotive industry. Some manufacturers saw this as a “ban on the internal combustion engine through the back door”. Unimpressed, Timmermans replied that the industry often describes things as impossible, but ultimately pulls them along.

“According to calculations by European associations, 200,000 additional charging points in Europe are required for every additional percent of the tightening of the target”, The President of the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), Hildegard Müller, did the math. This need goes “beyond the three million stations by 2030 that we already need now”. So far, however, there have only been 250,000 charging points across Europe.

“We therefore need at least a tenfold increase in the existing charging infrastructure in a few years”, demands Müller. The corresponding network must also “use 100 percent electricity from CO2 free sources. “That is precisely the part that the EU Commission would have to supply itself.”

According to the amendment to the relevant directive linked to the package, the share of renewable energies in the European electricity mix is ​​to be doubled from the current 20 to 40 percent. The The initiative also includes, among other things, revisions of the energy efficiency and energy taxation guidelines, tightened CO2Fleet targets, an amendment to emissions trading and a proposal for a CO2-Border adjustment mechanism with a special levy to protect European industry from unfair competition.