The share of renewable energies in transport in Germany is to increase to 28 percent by 2030, which is twice as high as planned by the EU. This emerges from a change in the law that the federal government decided on Wednesday (February 3, 2021). In addition to greater incentives for “green hydrogen” and the expansion of charging stations, it also includes the end of palm oil as a biofuel from 2026.
A minimum proportion of fuel from green electricity will be introduced in air traffic. This electricity-based kerosene should gradually make up a share of at least two percent by 2030. For nature conservation reasons, fuels from food and fodder crops should, if possible, not end up in the tank. Their share should remain limited to the current level at 4.4 percent.
“With the law to promote climate-friendly fuels, the federal government is creating an effective instrument to really reduce greenhouse gas emissions,” said Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD). It must be guaranteed that biofuels do not destroy nature, said the minister. “What is supposed to replace oil must not destroy the rainforest at the same time.”
The amendment to the law implements the EU directive for renewable energies in transport. It stipulates that the share of renewable energies in total energy consumption in the transport sector in the EU must be at least 14 percent in 2030. Germany fulfills these EU requirements for the greenhouse gas reduction quota (GHG quota) and wants to significantly exceed them with the amendment that has now been adopted.
The GHG quota obliges mineral oil companies to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of their fuels by currently six percent. It should increase gradually to 22 percent by 2030. For this purpose, companies can use less environmentally harmful energy sources such as green hydrogen, green electricity or biofuels. According to the amendment to the law, the “progressive” biofuels made from waste or straw should achieve a share of at least 1.75 percent by 2030 – unless the GHG quota is otherwise met.