Tech

Intel's Moore Act Is Ending?

An IBM researcher said the end of the 55-year Moore Act, which was named after Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel. The researcher says that this law will remain inadequate in the future, and quantum informatics will replace it.

Intel's co-founder Gordon Moore, who has been present for nearly 55 years. Moore's Law then the processors have reached their limits and the dominant architectural techniques have reached the end of energy efficiency.

African IBM Research Laboratory Specialist Dr. Ismail Akahlwaya, “Fortunately, quantum informatics comes at a time when Moore's Law is running out” found in the descriptions. From Akahlwaya's statements taking attention other notes as follows:

“Moore's Law is about doubling the number of transistors in the microchip every two years, and this is over. But this is a completely new kind of information regime with quantum fragments, and not just more than Moore's Law. ”

What is Moore's Law?

Moore's Law

Simply put, according to Moore's Law every 18 months, While the number of components that can be placed on the integrated circuit doubles, production costs remain the same, even tending to fall. This law, named after Gordon Moore, one of Intel's founders, has always been discussed in the chip market.

Godfrey Cheng, Global Marketing Chief of TSMC Corporation, which produces microchips for giant companies such as Apple and Huawei. for many years says the company will be protected, but recent studies by companies such as IBM, the law is gradually coming to an end shows.

What is a quantum bit or qubit?

What is qubit

Today's classic computers do all operations using the numbers 0 (closed) and 1 (open). In quantum computing, a qubit is represented by an electron and processes, two sided mode. That is, while a normal bit can have a value of 0 or 1 at the same time, a qubit can have a value of both 0 and 1 at the same time, and the bits, quantum super position known to be at the same time.

At this point, since the normal bits can only take the value 0 or 1, only one operation can be performed at a time, while the qubit on quantum computers can take both 0 and 1 at the same time. more than one process. This results in “super processing power..

Double the quantum volume:

Quantum volume

Akhalwaya believes that IBM is doing its best to protect Moore's Law, increased processing power and needs volume. Akhalwaya, descriptions “With our quantum computers, we've doubled the quantum volume every year for the last three years. The challenge is how to reduce noise (environmental impact). When we add another qubit at a time, we double the power, but we also probably increase the noise muhtemelen statements.

According to Akhalwaya, there are two rules:

  • According to Google, this law, the director of the Quantum Artificial Intelligence Laboratory called Hartmut Neven'in “Neven's Law ” and quantum computing power must grow twice as fast as conventional computing.
  • According to IBM, the law was named after Jay Gambetta, an IBM physicist. “The Gambetta Act” is called. This law is based on doubling the quantum volume each year and achieving the quantum advantage in the 2020s.

IBM, recently 53 Qubits added the quantum computer to cloud access and made the system available to customers of IBM Q Network. This system, which the company has now opened for commercial customers, academic institutions and research laboratories, supports a total of 80 partnerships.

You need thousands of noisy qubit to create a clean qubit:

Noisy qubit

Akhalwa to, expand calculation window Describes his plans for his speech Imiz What we can do is get noisy qubits and use them to represent clean qubit that can last indefinitely. To create a clean qubit, we need 1000 noisy qubit. That's why we need millions of noisy qubit to create thousands of clean qubits, but this is possible ” said.

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IBM currently has 14 quantum computers for its customers. Akhalwaya, each year of missions increase quantum volume and to include more companies and universities in their programs to create new uses.

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