Missing Link: Sophie Scholl and memory

Postage stamp, commemorative coin and @ichbinsophiescholl, an offer on Instagram that should be used by February 22, the day of her execution: Sophie Scholl’s 100th birthday is celebrated in great detail in many places and is intended to stimulate thought. As a member of the “White Rose”, she was largely responsible for ensuring that the group’s last leaflets could be distributed and read throughout Germany. What some celebrate as the climax of a new culture of remembrance, for others is just another appropriation of a young woman.

What is missing: In the fast-paced world of technology, there is often the time to rearrange the many news and backgrounds. At the weekend we want to take it, follow the side paths away from the current, try different perspectives and make nuances audible.

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There are three phases in Sophie Scholl’s afterlife. In the first phase, the traumatized family member and her closest circle of friends played a key role. Especially her older sister Inge Aicher-Scholl coined with her book about the White Rose in 1952 the picture of a woman who, like a saint, was unusually mature from an early age. In the second phase, historians adjusted the image of the “exceptional people” Inge and Hans Scholl, which led to furious protests across the board. In the third phase, media processing began with films such as The White Rose by Michael Verhoeven. What historians correctly called the “Scholl-Schmorell Circle” soon moved into the background. Films like “Sophie Scholl – The Last Days” and “Sophie Scholl – The Soul of Resistance” were made, which led to the fact that even Federal President Steinmeier spoke historically wrong of the “fate of the group around Sophie Scholl”.

Well want “I am Sophie Scholl” Spread the young woman’s complex world of ideas and thoughts for over 300 days via social media, in the style of today. Sophie, played by Luna Wedler, makes 1942 SelfiesWhen she moved to Munich after completing her Reich Labor Service, there was even an unboxing video when a package was unpacked that mom sent her daughter to Munich. The problem that a “Nazigram” is unthinkable, a Sophie Scholl arrested by the Gestapo after the first video clip, is ignored. Of course there is a certain continuity: Creating leaflets and distributing them in Hitler’s Germany was a “media crime”, like listening to enemy radio stations, which was common practice in the Scholl family home. With the new format, “users: inside can participate in the last months of their lives up close, emotionally and in simulated real time”, as SWR and BR write about their production. If you want to experience “social media” from back then, you can contrast in the Letters to the editor to the striker scroll that Center for Jewish History has processed.

There is an Instagram clip in which Luna Wedler / Sophie Scholl crumpled it up first leaflet the White Rose and reads: “Why does the German people behave so apathetically in the face of these most hideous, inhuman crimes?” Then she looks into the camera and continues: “If they had found that on me, I would be in jail now.” Sophie Scholl joined the “White Rose” group around Hans Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, Christoph Probst, Willi Graf and Kurt Huber relatively late. After her training as a kindergarten teacher, before starting her studies in October 1941, she had to do the Reich Labor Service (RAD) in the Blumberg camp in the Black Forest, where she ran a kindergarten in the nearby village of Fürstenberg. There is little variety in this gloomy area, only once can she with her boyfriend Fritz Hartnagel Spend two days, which both of them were deeply disturbed. According to her biographer Maren Gottschalk (“End. Now I’ll do something”), the couple slept together for the first time.

After her biographer Robert M. Zoske (“I have no regrets. Portrait of a resister”), the young woman began rethinking in the Black Forest, who until then had been organized without any problems in the Young Girls’ Association and then in the Association of German Girls. He writes: “She received daily object lessons on the failure and brutality of the National Socialist economic policy. That certainly erased the sympathies she still harbored for the idea of ​​the“ Third Reich ”, and it very likely even reinforced her rejection of the regime. Texts on this are sparse, but her actions speak a clear language: two months after completing her military service, she borrowed 1,000 Reichsmarks from her friend Fritz Hartnagel ‘for a good cause’ and asked him for a voucher for a reproduction machine. ”

At this point that was already appearing second leaflet the White Rose with a remarkable passage attributed to Alexander Schmorell: “We do not want to write about the Jewish question in this sheet, nor write a defense speech – no, we just want to briefly cite the fact as an example, the fact that since the conquest of Poland three hundred thousand Jews were brutally murdered in this country. Here we see the most terrible crime against human dignity, a crime that cannot be matched by anything like it in all of human history. The Jews, too, are human beings – one likes To answer the Jewish question as one will – and this was done against people. ” The passage is considered to be one of the very rare public protests against the murder of Jews. The question remains what is meant by public.

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