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NASA Reveals Another Mystery of Saturn

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Data collected by NASA's tool Cassini, who has been researching Saturn for a long time, from Saturn's atmosphere will unravel another mystery of the planet's atmosphere. The Cassini data will reveal why the planet's upper atmosphere is warmer than expected.

The upper layers of the atmosphere of Saturn, a gas giant, from Saturn it is warm like the upper layers of the closer Earth's atmosphere. The fact that the upper layer of Saturn's atmosphere was so hot, although it was much further away from the Sun than the Earth, had been curious for scientists for a long time.

To eliminate this curiosity, the spacecraft, whose mission in Saturn has recently ended, the Cassini In his last mission, the data collected by Saturn's atmosphere were used. Thanks to the analysis of the data collected by Cassini Spacecraft, the temperature and density map of Saturn's atmosphere could be created. This map can unravel the mystery of the atmosphere of the gas giant.

Auroral electric currents and winds

saturn atmosphere

Scientists, mapping the atmosphere of Saturn, auroral electric currents on the planet the upper layers of the atmosphere they can better understand how it heats and drives the winds. Saturn's global wind system can distribute the energy accumulated near the poles to the equatorial regions of the planet, making the atmosphere twice as hot as it should be.

Among the data Cassini collects from the surrounding stars The light coming to Saturn is also taken into consideration. During the review of the atmosphere of Saturn, Cassini's latest work, the Cassini Spacecraft targeted several bright stars in the constellations of Orion and Canis Major for 6 weeks. As the spacecraft observed that the stars passed behind the giant planet, scientists analyzed how the light of the stars changed as it passed through the atmosphere.

saturn atmosphere

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Thanks to the data obtained by Cassini Spacecraft, Saturn measuring the density of its atmosphereprovides scientists with important information to find temperatures in the atmosphere. Scientists have discovered that the temperature in Saturn's atmosphere peaks near the Aurora regions of the planet, and the auroral electric currents heat the upper atmosphere.

Both intensity and temperature measurements of the Saturn's atmosphere helped scientists understand the speed of winds on the planet. Saturn meets space top atmosphere Understanding with the maps to be created will play a serious key role in understanding other planets in space.

Source :
https://scitechdaily.com/saturns-great-atmospheric-mystery-explained-by-new-data-from-nasas-cassini/

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