Study: Structural change to electromobility does not necessarily have to cost jobs


The change to electromobility is expected to lead to significant shifts in the working world of the automotive industry in Germany by 2030. Overall, however, the number of jobs could remain constant, say the experts at the Agora Energiewende think tank and Boston Consulting.

According to the study “Automobile Working World 2030” (PDF), 180,000 fewer jobs will be required by 2030 in branches of industry such as classic automobile manufacture and maintenance, as well as among suppliers for the manufacture of internal combustion engine drives. On the other hand, there will probably be 250,000 more jobs at manufacturers and suppliers who are independent of the traditional drive train, as well as at companies in energy infrastructure, energy production and, to a lesser extent, in mechanical and plant engineering.

It is undisputed that fewer workers are needed in the conventional drive train, but if politics delayed change, it would have a higher price for the economy: the loss of market share and thus also of employment, says Christian Hochfeld, Director of Agora Verkehrswende. With effective climate protection, Germany also has the opportunity to reinvent itself as an automotive location and technological pioneer and thus secure employment and competitiveness; that before the stipulation that electromobility is “the only valid future scenario for the passenger car”.

In a European comparison, Germany could count among the winners of the structural change with a slight increase in jobs by 2030. Other countries with a strong automotive industry such as Poland or Spain, on the other hand, would have to reckon with greater challenges in terms of jobs.

According to the study, the job description will change for almost half of the 1.7 million jobs currently in the automotive industry and related branches of industry. A completely new occupational field results for 70,000 positions, and another 200,000 positions have changed significantly. For 500,000 jobs, there is a need for professional development.

Audi e-tron (Sportback) Peak power 230 – 300 kW

Continuous output 100 kW

Battery capacity 71 – 95 kWh gross

Max. charging power direct current 150 kW (at certain Ionity charging points)

Min.charging time DC 5 to 100%: 50 minutes

Range (WLTP) 284 to 441 km (Sportback: 287 – 450)

Power consumption (WLTP combined) 21.7 to 26.1 kWh (Sportback: 21.2 – 25.9)

Top speed: 190 (e-tron 50) or 200 km / h (e-tron 55)

Trunk volume: 660 to 1725 liters (Sportback: 615 to 1665)

Base prices (as of January 2021): 69,100 to 81,500 euros (Sportback 71,350 to 83,750 euros)

At the beginning of 2020, the National Platform Future of Mobility for the labor market in the structural change of the German auto industry had other numbers ready. It assumed that around 410,000 jobs are at risk by 2030. However, the platform assumes a larger number of employees in the mobility sector.


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