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The Evolution of SpaceX Rockets Over the Years

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Elon Musk, an enterprising entrepreneur who we all know and acted with every move he made, founded SpaceX in 2002. The company, which started its adventure with Falcon 1 rockets, is now very close to the dream of going to Mars. So how did the company's rockets evolve over time?

SpaceX, which even uses rockets in NASA missions today, is a man named Elon Musk who takes the first step for Mars dreams. May 6, 2002 was founded on. After more than 15 years, the company is far beyond its original position and has become one of the world's most popular companies.

A space transport company based in Hawthorne, California, USA; He regularly re-uses the rockets he produces, performs the cargo mission to the International Space Station with a crewless Dragon spacecraft, and will carry astronauts into space in NASA's future projects. What developments have taken place in the company's 17-year history, What kind of rockets have been changed? Let us examine the answer to this question a little more closely with the photographs.

Meet Falcon 1:

Falcon 1

Falcon 1 was the first rocket produced by SpaceX. This rocket, which was used between 2006 and 2009, 670 kilograms weight bearing capacity. The fifth and final launch of the rocket on July 14, 2009 was to send RazakSAT, a Malaysian Earth observation satellite, into orbit.

Developing Falcon 9:

Falcon 9

Following the success of Falcon 1, SpaceX has attracted a lot of attention from many companies looking for rockets with heavier lifting capacity. At first, the company had planned to develop a rocket called ‘Falcon 5 ancak, but it skipped the idea and instead‘Falcon 9 ’ began to work on.

Cost of $ 61.2 million per launch This rocket is capable of carrying 13.150 kilograms of mission loads into low Earth orbit. This two-stage rocket was originally planned in 2005 and in 2010 the first Falcon 9 was launched at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

Reuse rockets:

SpaceX

With Falcon 9, SpaceX launches rockets to save high launch costs reuse but there were some problems with the landing and the initial tests failed. SpaceX attempted to reuse the Falcon 9's first, second and sixth launches, but in each of them the rockets fell into the ocean.

SpaceX is finally on April 18, 2014 ninth launch (fourth controlled landing attempt) managed to make a controlled landing into the ocean. This was a significant milestone on the road to reusability.

Dreams of the Dragon:

Dragon

SpaceX carried out the first 18 months of the development of Dragon capsules designed for use in cargo missions after closed doors. Then, in March 2006, the company Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) officially introduced Dragon. The ultimate goal was to develop a special spacecraft for cargo transport to the International Space Station.

NASA, who could not ignore the rise of SpaceX, chose SpaceX as one of the companies providing commercial supply services to the International Space Station with the Dragon capsule in December 2008. From the contract at that time $ 1.6 billion Since then, the company has been signing new contracts for cargo services.

The first flights of Dragon capsules:

SpaceX

On December 8, 2010, Dragon made a successful first flight from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Base. Then on May 22, 2012, the Dragon, one of the most important exams an attempt to place the spacecraft at the International Space Station.

Dragon in orbit with laser system In May of that year, he was able to settle safely to the station. This success of SpaceX and Dragon has received worldwide acclaim.

Grasshopper:

Grasshopper

Grasshopper, vertical takeoffs and landings It was a rocket prototype designed to be used for The project was privately funded by SpaceX, without funding from any government.

Although Grasshopper does not attract media attention as much as SpaceX's other programs Falcon 9 reusability was the key to improving its development. Between 2012 and 2013, SpaceX performed 8 different test flights for Grasshopper, and with the last flight, the rocket reached a height of 744 meters. The company, which terminated the program, was then able to allocate more resources to the development of Falcon 9.