When glaciers melt, biodiversity declines, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, dangerous tomorrows await the blue globe we live in. So what is COP26, which is organized to fend off these dangerous tomorrows, what is it actually not, what is it aiming for? Let’s analyze COP26 together.
Let’s start with the name of the conference first. Conference of the Parties Briefly referred to as COP, the conference is called COP26 as it was held for the 26th time, as you can imagine. Although it is not a commonly used term, it is worth noting that the conference is sometimes called CMA3 or the “United Nations Climate Change Conference”.
COP26 is expected to be a cooperation and communication conference on climate action between rich and poor countries. In addition, the conference has been in a global sense since the Paris Convention. The most serious step for climate solidarity displayed as.
Historical process and general outlines of the conference
The first COP conference, COP1, was held in Berlin in 1995. This year 26th time The conference is an event that should have been held in 2020, but was postponed to 2021 due to Covid19. The conference, which started on October 31, is expected to end on November 12.
Special information about COP26
COP26 this year United Kingdom and Italy organized jointly by The UK appointed Alok Sharma, who was the Minister of Business and Energy, as the head of COP26, for this great organization in February 2020. As you can see, the United Kingdom made a lot of preparations for this conference.
to the conference 197 members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change agrees. A total of 30,000 people from 197 countries are expected to attend. As a total of 120 heads of state will attend this year’s program, special security and social distancing measures were also taken in Glasgow.
Remarkable developments to date at COP26
“Our last chance for the world” The conference started with the motto of the Presidents of China, Russia, Saudi Arabia and India, which are the states that share the summit in climate problem and carbon emissions. non-participation without justification It was one of the most notable developments.
President of the Republic of Turkey Erdogan security concerns He had previously declared that he could not attend the conference on the grounds and on the advice of Queen Elizabeth doctors. İBB President Ekrem İmamoğlu and İzmir BB President Tunç Soyer announced that they will attend COP26 as the guests of the United Nations and Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40).
General expectations and targets at COP26
- Member states are asked to set a target for emissions by 2025 or 2030. These targeting National Declaration of Contribution (NDC) was named. While member countries are expected to share NDC information at this conference; China, Saudi Arabia and India are not expected to share information on this issue.
- For developing countries to build low-carbon and stronger economies financial needs Remedial plans are awaited.
- Written in order to stabilize the global temperature increase at 1.5 degrees and to make the Paris Climate Agreement operational, with the measures to be taken. of the Paris Rulebook is targeted for completion.
Criticism started before the conference started
120 heads of state attended the conference held in Glasgow. most of them arrive by private jet caused criticism. As a matter of fact, an average private jet has released 13.5 tons of carbon to attend this conference. The fact that the conference, which was held for the purpose of protecting the climate and the environment, made a mistake at such a sensitive point before it even started, received great criticism. It is stated that if the leaders come with scheduled planes, they will not receive such heavy criticism.
Expectations of host Great Britain
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s expectations from COP26 “coal, cash, cars and trees” sums it up in four words.
UK coal use should be abandoned as soon as possible. while thinking; It wants it to be used in a way that can cause the least harm to nature during the abandonment process. A group led by Italy, China, India and Russia forms the opposition in this regard. The UK also aims to completely abolish the sale of gasoline vehicles, at least for its own sake, by 2040, while other member states have not yet taken a step in this regard.
Notable messages from leaders
- USA, as we will remember. From the Paris Climate Agreement under Donald Trump had been taken. During the Joe Biden Era, the United States returned to the treaty. Biden apologized for this situation at COP26.
- German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for the Paris Climate Agreement to be implemented by the middle of the 21st century, not the 20th century.
- President of France, Emmanuel Macron, called on the countries with the largest greenhouse gas emissions in the world to make recommendations within 15 days to reach the set targets. He also reiterated the importance of financial support to underdeveloped countries.
- Greek Prime Minister Kiryakos Mitsotakis drew attention to the forest fires in Greece and Turkey and brought up measures to be taken regarding forest fires.
- President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskiy made a statement about Donbas and Crimea and targeting Russia.
- Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, “net zero” announced that they aim to achieve their carbon emission target by 2070
- Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili reminded that the Caucasus region, which has rich nature, lost 40 percent of its glaciers due to climate change.
Important developments of the day at COP26
November 2, 2021: A group led by Canada has committed to reduce its methane emissions by 75%. Previously, 80 countries had committed to reducing it by 30% by 2030. It is not yet known how Canada will react to this offer. Also speaking at the conference, Prof. Dr. Jos Lelieveld explained that it will not be possible to live without air conditioning in some countries due to the air temperature in the coming years.
November 3, 2021: The non-participation of some heads of state, especially the presidents of China and Russia, was condemned and criticized. In addition, the world’s leading financial companies are trying to limit greenhouse gas emissions. “Glasgow Net Zero Financial Alliance” made a commitment.
November 4, 2021: 40 countries, mainly England, Poland, Vietnam and Chile, have committed to stop using coal. The world’s most coal-dependent countries, including China, the USA, Australia and India, have not made any statements so far.
November 5, 2021: A climate march was held, led by climate activists Greta Thunberg and Vanessa Nakate. Mostly young people participated in this march. “Friday For The Future” This event, called this event, consists of young people who do not go to school on Fridays and do climate walks. The event came to an end after the press release.
November 5, 2021: The US Special Representative on Climate Change, John Kerry, committed to the need to provide $100 billion in funding to developing countries for 2022 and that the US will do its part in this regard. Malawi President Lazarus Chakwera, after this statement; “This is not a charity, if you don’t fund us, you will die with us” he said, taking a rest on the climate issue to developed countries.
November 5, 2021: More than 40 states and more than 150 giant companies responded positively to the UK’s call to abandon coal use. China, the USA, India, Russia and Germany, the 5 countries that use coal the most, have not yet responded positively or negatively to this call of the UK.
6 November 2021: 46 countries Coal By signing the Declaration on the Transition to Clean Energy formalized its commitment not to use coal. In addition, 15 international organizations invited Turkey, which did not sign this declaration or make a verbal commitment, to the declaration. China, Japan and South Korea were the first countries to formally not accept this declaration.
6 November 2021: A march was held in Glasgow, where the conference continued, with the participation of more than 100 thousand people. In general, walking COP26 is not global; that it is a political and distraction movement messages were given. According to activists, COP26 has nothing to do with the climate movement. Similar messages were given at the demonstration march that took place on 5 November and attended by Greta Thunberg.
6 November 2021: In Amsterdam, the Netherlands, a group of 40 thousand people held an environment and climate walk for more effective decisions at COP26. In general, it was announced that the global temperature increase should be stabilized to a better degree and that other states should respond to the decisions taken.